The Rise of the BRICS in Africa: Developmental or Self-Interest?

Based on the Africanist theory of International Relations, the paper examines how the rise of the BRICS countries, particularly China, reshaped the economic and geopolitical realities in Africa for the past two decades. Across infrastructure financing, trade, investment and aid, there is no other traditional Western Power with such colossal engagement in Africa than China. The Chinese companies invest enormously in all across Africa by bringing new technologies, creating jobs, developing skills for the local Africans and immensely contributing to the Africa state’s public revenue. The recent Africa-China economic relationship has threatened the dominance of the traditional ‘Great Powers’ in the fields of economics and geopolitics. However, the paper will shed light on the challenges of the Sino/Africa relations from the African perspectives particularly how the Chinese workers and the ‘cheap’ and ‘substandard’ products overflowing African domestic markets. Considering both sides of the coin, China’s involvement in Africa is perceived positively by Africans, as such China is a significant partner who has generated multiple prospects for African development despite Africa’s development move is relatively sluggish. Read More

Dhiilka Dawarsiga

Waa barqo loo balansan yahay kulan lagu soo af-meerayo mashruuc bini-aadanimo oo socday muddo laba sanno ah. Kulanka waxa ka soo qaybgalay dad ajaanib u badan iyo dhawr Soomaali ah. Ajaanibku waxa ay isugu jiraan kuwo madow iyo kuwo cadaan ah. Hal-hal qof baa loo jeedinayey waxqabadkii qabsoomay, loogana fal-celinayey in la gaadhay yoolkii iyo in kale.

Dareenkayga waxa soo jiitay sheekadii u danbaysay. Read More

Structural Adjustment: An Unqualified Failure


This paper assesses the thesis that the Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) did not achieve its primary motive of making Sub-Saharan Africa a poverty-free and economically vibrant continent. The question of whether the World Bank and the IMF have alleviated or exacerbated the poverty in Africa is shrewdly answered.  Both sides of the coin, the pros and cons of SAPs, are scrutinised studying the performance of both the social and economic indicators of development. The heart of this paper’s argument lies to demonstrate that the prescriptions of these two institutions for Africa’s predicament have hampered its economic growth and development more than they helped. Read More

Electoral Competition and Politicised Ethnicity in Kenya


Based on the instrumentalist theory of ethnic conflict, the paper examines into the theoretical understanding of how the electoral competition triggers the politicisation of ethnicity and ethnicised conflict in Kenya. The paper critically interrogates how the Kenyan political elites have used ethnicity as a tool to mobilise their ethnic groups promising to create political and socio-economic opportunities for them at the expense of neglecting the other tribes. Furthermore, the paper scrutinises the trajectory of politics since 1963 up until 2007 post-election crisis and how the politicisation of ethnicity created a sense of mistrust and national division among the diverse ethnic communities in Kenya. Read More

Windrush Generation: A re-examination of Britain’s Race Relations


This paper studies the arrival of ‘Windrush Generation’ and how it has contributed to Britain’s multi-cultural society. Drawing heavily from the historical process, which seeks to explain how the West Indians arrived in Britain and integrated into a predominately White Britons, the paper critically examines into why the immigrants’ expectations of welcoming reception and a better life were not initially met. It also carefully interrogates the struggles and challenges that the Caribbean migrants went through and the racial pressures that surrounded their integration into British society. In the end, the paper further looks at the implications that their arrival had on the state of race relations and political environment that surrounded in the adaptation of Immigration Control Acts.

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The Somalia-Somaliland Talks. A Crossroads or a Dead End?

Somaliland’s Government perceives it as an opportunity to gain recognition; Somalia’s Federal Government, on the other hand, envisages recognition as a process of tearing the ‘Somali Republic’ apart. Whatever the myths surrounding any rational decision, the world is watching to see whether Somalis mend or break the fence that has divided them for decades. Read More