The Somalia-Somaliland Talks. A Crossroads or a Dead End?

Somaliland’s Government perceives it as an opportunity to gain recognition; Somalia’s Federal Government, on the other hand, envisages recognition as a process of tearing the ‘Somali Republic’ apart. Whatever the myths surrounding any rational decision, the world is watching to see whether Somalis mend or break the fence that has divided them for decades. Read More

Itoobiya Way Kurbanaysaa!


Cabdiqaadir Dayib Askar

Wadankii ugu dhaqaale korniinka badnaa dunidu wuu bukoonaya. Waxa halis ku jira jiritaankiisii, duniduna farta ayey wadnaha ku haysaa. Afartii sanno ee la soo dhaafay, Itoobiya waxa lugaha ugu duubmay maro-boob siyaasadeed iyo mid amni-darro. Sumcaddii diblumaasiyadeed ee ay dunida iyo Afrikaba ku lahayd baa dhaawac la gaadhsiiyey. Dhaqaalahoodii culays weyn baa soo foodsaaray, waxaan hoos u sii dhacaya dhaqdhaqaaqyadii ganacsi iyo maalgeshigii shisheeyaha, taas oo keentay in heerka shaqo la’aantu si xawli ah sarre ugu kaco. Read More

Windrush Generation: The Unfulfilled Expectations of a Better Life and Their Implications of Britain’s Race Relations


This essay studies the arrival of ‘Windrush Generation’ and how it has contributed to Britain’s multi-cultural society. Drawing heavily from the historical process, which seeks to explain how the West Indians arrived in Britain and integrated into a predominately White Britons, the essay critically examines into why the immigrants’ expectations of welcoming reception and a better life were not initially met. It also carefully interrogates the struggles and challenges that the Caribbean migrants went through and the racial pressures that surrounded their integration into British society. In the end, the essay further looks at the implications that their arrival had on the state of race relations and political environment that surrounded in the adaptation of Immigration Control Acts.

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Are state institutions relevant to the politics of the poor?

In the developing world, more than a third of their urban populations live in areas where the social amenities such as water, healthcare, housing and education are desperately needed. Therefore, the state institutions and their policies– whether or not supported by aid agencies and development banks – need to work harder in addressing these problems. But for many scholars, the attention does not only focus on the role of state institutions or international NGOs but the part of the poor groups themselves. This is because the traditional state-managed approaches to poverty alleviation have not fully met the demands of a vast majority of the urban population. Read More

‘Everyday resistance’: Poor People’s Politics

‘Poor people’, though contribute to the vast majority of the developing world, their role in shaping the political dramas [within state] is always over-looked.  They hardly get noticed in the political spectrum. Not because they do not participate in the political exercises but their representation as ‘poor people’ is significantly underestimated in many parts of the Global South. With this in mind, James Scott introduced a theoretical concept ‘everyday resistance’ in 1985, to study how people act in their everyday lives in ways that might undermine power which is typically hidden, individual and not politically articulated. Read More

New Social Movements: Do they defend poor people’s interests? 

On responding to the above question, I first need to make a clear distinction between the ‘new’ and ‘old’ social movements (NSMs). New Social Movements, in the words of Hallsworth (1994), ‘pose new challenges to the established, cultural, economic and political orders’. They are purposeful, organised groups determined to work toward a common objective. Their primary aims are to create and/or resist change as well as provide a political voice to those otherwise disenfranchised. Therefore, this means that they do not primarily focus on specific groups within a society but rather are issue-based movements. Whoever shares the same plight or suffering and are marginalised, may cooperate and take action together by challenging the issues that are desperately affecting their lives. Read More