This paper studies the arrival of ‘Windrush Generation’ and how it has contributed to Britain’s multi-cultural society. Drawing heavily from the historical process, which seeks to explain how the West Indians arrived in Britain and integrated into a predominately White Britons, the paper critically examines into why the immigrants’ expectations of welcoming reception and a better life were not initially met. It also carefully interrogates the struggles and challenges that the Caribbean migrants went through and the racial pressures that surrounded their integration into British society. In the end, the paper further looks at the implications that their arrival had on the state of race relations and political environment that surrounded in the adaptation of Immigration Control Acts.
In the developing world, more than a third of their urban populations live in areas where the social amenities such as water, healthcare, housing and education are desperately needed. Therefore, the state institutions and their policies– whether or not supported by aid agencies and development banks – need to work harder in addressing these problems. But for many scholars, the attention does not only focus on the role of state institutions or international NGOs but the part of the poor groups themselves. This is because the traditional state-managed approaches to poverty alleviation have not fully met the demands of a vast majority of the urban population. Continue reading “Are state institutions relevant to the politics of the poor?”
‘Poor people’, though contribute to the vast majority of the developing world, their role in shaping the political dramas [within state] is always over-looked. They hardly get noticed in the political spectrum. Not because they do not participate in the political exercises but their representation as ‘poor people’ is significantly underestimated in many parts of the Global South. With this in mind, James Scott introduced a theoretical concept ‘everyday resistance’ in 1985, to study how people act in their everyday lives in ways that might undermine power which is typically hidden, individual and not politically articulated. Continue reading “‘Everyday resistance’: Poor People’s Politics”
Midkeena keligii kuma noola ‘meere’ u gaar ah. Waayo waxa aynu nahay bulsho dareen-wadaag ah oo is-huran, kunna qasban in ay wada-xidhiidh yeelato. Sow hore looguma maahmaahin, ‘war la helyaaba, tallo la hel.’
Hadaba, waxa aan uga gol-leeyahay qoraalkan in aan qeexid kooban ka bixiyo muhiimadda Wada-Xidhiidhka Dawladda. Wada-Xidhiidhka Dawladdu waa mid laba geesood ah- dawladda iyo shacabkeeda. Ula-jeedada laga leeyahay waa in ay dawladdu si faahfaahsan ugu gudbiso muwaadiniinta xogta ku saabsan waxqabadkeeda, siyaasadeheeda iyo hiigsigeedaba. Waa astaan muujinaysa maamul wanaag, kanna turjumaysa dastuurkeena ku dhisan nidaamka dimquraadiyadeed. Continue reading “Hal Dawlad, Hal Cod”